How To Grow Turf Grass
InstructionsDifficulty: Moderately Easy
- Determine your climate zone. The United States is divided into four primary climate zones: the cool/humid zone, the cool/arid zone, the warm/humid zone and the warm/arid Zone. The cool/humid zone comprises Oregon, Washington, the northern part of the California coast, the Midwest and the Northeast. The cool/arid zone comprises most of the western United States east of the coastal mountains. The warm/arid zone consists of the coastal region of Northern California southwest through Texas. The warm/humid zone encompasses the southern United States from the eastern part of Texas through Florida, the Carolinas and the edge of Virginia.
- Pick a species that grows well in your climate zone. Cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, rye grass and fescue grow well in the cool/humid zone. Buffalo grass, which is drought-resistant, is popular in the cool/arid zone, as are the aforementioned cool-season grasses. Bermuda grass is popular in the warm/humid zone. Zoysia grass, Bahia grass, carpet grass and St. Augustine grass are all popular in both the warm/humid and warm/arid zones. Red fescue in cool regions and St. Augustine grass in warmer climates tolerate shade well, so they should be used in areas without a lot of sun. If you are unsure which strain to grow, get a bag of mixed seeds designed for your climate zone. The grass seeds that are best-suited to your lawn or golf course will out compete the others.
- Prepare the site. Remove rocks, stumps and other debris from the soil, as well as weeds. Till the top 4 inches of soil. Grade the soil so that it slopes away from buildings. Apply lawn fertilizer to the soil.
- Plant your turf grass. If you are growing a warm-season grass, apply the seeds in the spring. For a cool-season grass, sow toward the end of the summer or near the beginning of fall. Apply the seed in whatever density the bag recommends and gently rake soil on top of it.
- Water your grass. According to the U.S. National Arboretum, turf grasses require between 1 and 1 1/2 inches of water per week including rainfall. The environment and variety of grass will affect the amount of water required. Keep your soil moist when the turf grass is starting to germinate.
- Add nitrogen fertilizer to your grass according to the recommendations on the bag of grass seed you used. The National Arboretum recommends that you only add fertilizer during the growing season. Cool-season grasses grow for a shorter period than warm-season grasses, so they generally require less fertilizer.
Once your turf grass is growing it must be maintained. Regularly water the grass, cover any bare spots with extra seed, and be sure and keep the grass closely cropped. Putting greens need to be maintained at about .12 - .165 inches. Fairways should range from .45 - .75 inches to recreate an authentic golf course.