Every swing starts with the way you stand over the ball. In order to hit the ball correctly, you need the right address. For a right-handed golfer, make sure your left shoulder is facing the target. Your left foot needs to be directly underneath your shoulder. Your feet should be shoulder length apart and you should play the ball midway between your left and right feet.
Place your left hand at the top of the grip, no more than 1/2 inch from the top. Place the small finger of your right hand in the gap between the forefinger and middle finger of your left hand. Place both of your thumbs down the shaft of the grip. Hold the club at about a "5" on a scale of 1 to 10 in terms of grip strength. Any tighter than that and your swing will be restricted. Any looser than that and the club will not be secure in your hands.
Keep your head still during your golf swing and keep your eyes focused on the rear, center portion of the ball. When you are hitting the ball off the tee, you want to make direct contact with the ball and you do not want to take a divot. Keep your focus on the back of the ball during your downswing and through contact. The longer you can keep your eye on that portion of the ball, the more likely you are to hit the ball squarely.
Greenside Bunker Shot
When you are in a bunker near the green, you do not want to hit the ball directly. Instead, you want to hit the sand about three inches in back of the ball and have the sand explode into the ball to get it out of the hazard. If you hit the ball directly, you will sweep the ball out of the bunker and well past the green. When you hit the sand first--known as "taking sand"--you will be able to hit the ball within five to ten feet of the hole.
Hit the bottom half of the ball when you are trying to hit a putt of ten feet or more on the green. One of the keys to making a long putt is making a smooth putting stroke with a pendulum motion. You want to bring the club forward the same distance you bring it back. To do this, you must focus on putting the bottom portion of the back of the ball.