The golf stance is critical to the proper execution of a swing. Your feet should be in a straight line pointing toward your target and shoulder-width apart. Your shoulders should be in line with your feet. Your back should be straight, and your knees should be flexed to allow the club to be placed comfortably behind the ball. Your arms should be outstretched completely and your head should be down with your eyes looking at the ball.
The most common grip in golf is referred to as an interlocking grip. The pinkie finger on your bottom hand interlocks with the pointer finger on your top hand. Your thumbs are in a straight line on the grip pointing down the shaft of the club. Your hands are closed so that the bottom hand covers the thumb of the top hand. The grip is tight enough to maintain control of the club, but not so tight that your knuckles begin to turn white.
Where the ball is placed in your stance is just as critical as the stance itself. The proper distance of the ball from your feet is established by your outstretched arms and the club. The clubhead should rest comfortably behind the ball with your knees flexed. If you are hitting a wood or a long iron then the ball should be lined up even with the heel of your front foot. If you are hitting a middle iron or putting the ball is lined up in the middle of your stance. If you are hitting a wedge or a short iron then the ball is lined up with the heel of your back foot.
Choose a target to hit the ball toward and align your body. Your shoulders should be pointing at the target, and the rest of your body should line up in straight line toward the target as well. The best way to tell if you are lined up properly is to rest your chin on your left shoulder. If you are looking at your target then you are lined up properly. Left-handed golfers would use their right shoulder.