Proper Technique & Biomechanics of the Golf Swing

By Aaron Wein

Golf, Course, Golfing, Golf Course, Green, Sport, Grass
Although appearing simple, a proper mechanical golf swing is one of the most difficult moves to master in sports. The best and most mechanically sound swings come from consistent practice on a daily basis, which creates the muscle memory to allow the player to clear his mind and simply swing.



The golf swing begins in the hands, making the grip one of the most important facets of the game. The most commonly used grip involves interlocking your pinkie and index fingers, and there are three basic grips: neutral grip, strong grip and weak grip. The neutral grip is ideal.


When setting up to the ball, the knees should be slightly bent, and your legs should set up squarely to your target. Line the ball up near the center of your stance with shorter clubs such as the pitching wedge, and long clubs such as a three-iron closer to the front of your stance.


Keep your left arm straight, bringing the club face back low to the ground. Your wrists should turn naturally away from your body. Midway through your backswing, the club shaft should be parallel to the ground while the club head points vertically. End the backswing with your front arm near parallel to the ground and the club shaft vertical in an "L" shape.


For a smooth, yet powerful swing, lead with the hips. The move should feel like someone is pulling on your belt buckle toward your target, naturally uncoiling your swing. Keep your head back in your stance as you move your hips forward.


Your body should be facing square to the target and you should have maintained balance throughout your swing.

About The Author

Aaron Wein has been a professional writer since 2004, focusing on sports journalism. He obtained a degree in journalism from Western Washington University in 2008. He's written and edited for Northwest Washington based publications, such as the "Bellingham Herald," "Western Athletics," "GNAC Sports" and Next Season Sports.


Ena C.  started following Don S.

Ena C.  started following Darrin S.

Ena C.  started following Christopher S.

Ena C.  started following Merv F.

Ena C.  started following Paul M.

View Activity Feed

Video of the Day
Six-Inch Bunker Drill Watch Video>>

Nearby Tee Time HOT Deals!

Thursday, Feb 22 to Tuesday, Feb 27

Related Articles

Article Image Golf Course Clothing Etiquette

Team sports have uniforms. Individual sports, such as swimming or gymna...

Article Image When to Use What Golf Club?

From your first tee shot to your last putt, what club do you select for...

Article Image How to Speed up your Golf Play

Golf enjoyment for players, and profitability for courses, is dependent...

Article Image How to Dress Appropriately to Play Golf

Golf is a sport seeped in rich tradition. Dressing appropriately for th...

Article Image How to Stand When Hitting a Golf Ball

With their backs straight, knees flexed and heads steady, many beginnin...

View All Related Articles

More Golf Articles

Grants for Female Golfers
Since the early 1970s, women's sports has grown exponentially in the United States. For organizers, coaches and athletes, there are a plethora of ......

Golf Equipment Tip of the Day

How Clubfitting Can Lower Your Golf Score
by Charlie Schroeder and Ryan M. Noll
"Welcome to Switzerland," a man in a white lab coat says as we near a door marked "R & D: Employees Only." Opposite this door, a guy is driving golf balls into a net about 10 feet in front of him. Off to his side, another man in a white lab coat is monitoring his progress on a computer screen, analyzing ball spin, launch angle, and a variety of other numbers and graphs. "We're a non-biased facility; we don't care what you play with," says John German, Supervisor of Fitter Operations for Hot Stix, a Scottsdale, Arizona-based golf lab that looks more like the set of CSI.