Golf Shafts Explained

By Patrick Foley

Golf shafts are vital to having the best possible outcome of any golfer's swing. Golf shafts have different flexes and weights that make them beneficial for certain swings speeds of golfers.

Shaft Flex Ratings

There are five different flex ratings: X, S, R, A and L. X is extra stiff, S stiff, R regular, A originally meant amateur but now denotes senior, and L ladies. These different ratings are based off of different swing speeds and strengths.

Swing Speed and Shaft Relation

Swing speed determines the best possible shaft for the golfer. Golfers who swing around 90 mph with their driver should look at using a regular shaft. Senior flex is appropriate for swing speed of about 80 mph, while those with a slower speed should use L flex shafts. When swinging faster than 100 mph, use a stiff shaft. And for those who swing extra hard, upwards of 110 mph, use extra stiff shafts.

Shaft Materials 

The most common shaft materials are steel and graphite. Steel shafts are more common and are the most durable shaft material and provide superior control over shots. However, steel shafts are heavier than graphite so they do require a higher swing speed in order to get distance. Graphite, while less durable than steel, is much lighter. The higher flex and lower weight of graphite shafts mean they provide superior distance. Choosing steel or graphite is based on personal feel and performance, and many golfers end up using graphite shafts for drivers and steel shafts for their irons.

There are some other high-end specialty shaft materials on the market, such as Nanofuse shafts that combine elements of both graphite and steel shafts. These shafts use a nanocrystalline alloy and a carbon fiber polymer to provide a lightweight but rigid shaft. 

Kick Points

Kick points in shafts are where the shaft flexes most. These points affects the trajectory of the ball upon contact. The higher the kick point in a shaft the lower the ball trajectory for that club. 


Torque refers to the natural twisting motion of the shaft during play. All shafts have some torque that is measured by the degree of twisting. The lower this number is, the less torque is experienced in the shaft. Most iron shafts have a rating of 3 degrees. The higher the degree of torque the more flexible the shaft is likely to feel during a swing. 

Golf shafts affect accuracy, trajectory and distance of golf shots. Picking the proper shaft for a golf club is essential to maximum output of the club--and golfer.

About The Author

Patrick Foley is a writer from Phoenix, AZ. He is a sports fanatic and loves football, golf, and track. He has been writing for Golf Link for almost a year. He is a college football player at the University of Pennsylvania. He is enrolled in the Wharton Business School.He has have a wide set of skills in writing and marketing.


Joe L. joined GolfLink
Charles F. joined GolfLink
Jeffrey B. joined GolfLink
Gary R. joined GolfLink

Norm H.  Scored 98 at  Ravines Saugatuck, Michigan

View Activity Feed

Video of the Day
Lob Shots: Relaxed Arms and Hands Watch Video>>

Related Articles

Article Image 2019: Best Cart Bags

  Cart bags are generally bulky behemoths designed to acco...

Article Image 2019’s Best Carry Bags 

The following list are 2019's best golf bags looking to walk the co...

Article Image 2019’s Best Sunday Bags 

  Sunday bags are perfect for a leisurely game and reflect...

Article Image GolfLink’s 2018 Gift Guide: Stocking Stuffers

The holidays are right around the corner and now is the time to shop fo...

Article Image GolfLink’s 2018 Gift Guide: Best Golf Tech

The holidays are right around the corner and now is the time to shop fo...

View All Related Articles