Golf Swing Physics & Technique

By Patrick Foley

The physics and technique of a golf swing can be discussed for countless days. There are so many different theories and ideas to what is correct and how a golfer should swing. The truth is that there is no correct answer and that multiple facets are essential to having a proper golf swing. The way people reach certain points may be different, but at that certain point, they are much alike.


A golfer places the club behind the ball, holding it comfortably, and stands perpendicular to his target line. The ball can be played anywhere in the stance depending on the shot the player is trying to execute.


In the backswing, a golfer should try to rotate his shoulders to the maximum, to the point where his lead shoulder is almost pointing at the ball. The torso and hips also rotate backward, but the shoulders should rotate more than any other part of the body.

Swinging Through Impact

To swing through impact, the golfer should first begin with a movement of the hips back into the ball. The shoulders and arms should follow, leading the clubhead back into impact.


The hips, shoulders, and arms should all push through the ball, shifting your body's weight to the front side. Allow the momentum of the club to go through impact and around the back for a smooth finish. Trying to stop the club after impact puts an unnecessary amount of pressure on the shoulders and can lead to improper swing techniques.

Weight Shift

It is important to reiterate the importance of the weight shift in the golf swing. Shifting your weight through the ball to the front side of the body greatly enhances a golfer's swing speed and power, therefore increasing distance.

Head Movement

The head should stay basically still through the swing and impact. Many great golfers have a little drop of the head as they reach impact and go into and through the ball. Do not lift your head until impact has been completed and you have followed through--it greatly increases the chance of a mis-hit.

About The Author

Patrick Foley is a writer from Phoenix, AZ. He is a sports fanatic and loves football, golf, and track. He has been writing for Golf Link for almost a year. He is a college football player at the University of Pennsylvania. He is enrolled in the Wharton Business School.He has have a wide set of skills in writing and marketing.

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