Definition of Golf Club Bounce

By Kim Kleinle

Bounce is the angle of the sole of a golf club when the leading edge is higher than the trailing edge, as measured in the address position with the shaft vertical. The more bounce there is, the higher the leading edge is off the ground. With the proper bounce on your sand wedge, you'll have more success hitting out of bunkers.


In 1931, professional golfer Gene Sarazen designed the first sand wedge by building up solder on the sole of a niblick (comparable to a 9 iron today). By doing so, he created what is now called bounce.


Bounce, also known as sole inversion, is now associated with all wedges and allows the club to glide, or bounce, through the sand or rough rather than dig into it. Generally, lob and pitching wedges have lower bounce than sand and gap wedges, though there is a lot of variance between clubmakers. 


On a golf course with soft turf and fluffy sand, wedges with more bounce help prevent the club from digging into the ground and causing a chunked, or fat, shot. On the other hand, if you play on a course with firmer sand in the bunkers, use wedges with less bounce.


Bounce is measured in degrees in relation to the ground. Pitching wedges generally have between 2-5 degrees of bounce, lob wedges 0-10 degrees of bounce. Higher bounce clubs include sand wedges with between 10-16 degrees of bounce and gap wedges have 5-12 degrees of bounce. 


Changing the loft of your club also changes the angle of the sole and, therefore, the bounce. Decreasing the loft could eliminate the bounce and even create a "scoop" or "dig" sole, which would promote a fat shot.

About The Author

Kim Kleinle is a PGA/LPGA professional and a member of a select group certified in instruction by the Professional Golfers' Association. She began writing in 1980 after earning her degree. Her work has appeared online, in "Northeast Golfer" and in newspapers, including the "Scranton Times." Kleinle holds a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from Point Park University, Pittsburgh.


Levi K. joined GolfLink
Dona K. joined GolfLink
Gerald G. joined GolfLink
Peter M. joined GolfLink
William L. joined GolfLink

View Activity Feed

Video of the Day
How to Re-Align Your Golf Swing Plane Watch Video>>

Related Articles

Article Image How Do You Clean Rust Off of Golf Clubs?

A winter break can leave your golf game very rusty. A winter in the g...

Article Image 2020 Tour Championship: Dustin Johnson’s Winning Clubs

World number 1 Dustin Johnson capped off of what must be called a car...

Article Image 2020 PGA Championship: Collin Morikawa’s Winning Clubs

Collin Morikawa continues to break records as the 23 year old claimed...

Article Image 2020 WGC-FedEx St. Jude Invitational: Justin Thomas’ Winning Clubs

  Justin Thomas battled with defending champion Brooks Koepka i...

Article Image 2020 Memorial Tournament: Jon Rahm’s Winning Clubs

  Jon Rahm battled his way through a tough course and statistic...

View All Related Articles