Definition of Golf Club Bounce

By Kim Kleinle

Bounce is the angle of the sole of a golf club when the leading edge is higher than the trailing edge, as measured in the address position with the shaft vertical. The more bounce there is, the higher the leading edge is off the ground. With the proper bounce on your sand wedge, you'll have more success hitting out of bunkers.


In 1931, professional golfer Gene Sarazen designed the first sand wedge by building up solder on the sole of a niblick (comparable to a 9 iron today). By doing so, he created what is now called bounce.


Bounce, also known as sole inversion, is now associated with all wedges and allows the club to glide, or bounce, through the sand or rough rather than dig into it. Generally, lob and pitching wedges have lower bounce than sand and gap wedges, though there is a lot of variance between clubmakers. 


On a golf course with soft turf and fluffy sand, wedges with more bounce help prevent the club from digging into the ground and causing a chunked, or fat, shot. On the other hand, if you play on a course with firmer sand in the bunkers, use wedges with less bounce.


Bounce is measured in degrees in relation to the ground. Pitching wedges generally have between 2-5 degrees of bounce, lob wedges 0-10 degrees of bounce. Higher bounce clubs include sand wedges with between 10-16 degrees of bounce and gap wedges have 5-12 degrees of bounce. 


Changing the loft of your club also changes the angle of the sole and, therefore, the bounce. Decreasing the loft could eliminate the bounce and even create a "scoop" or "dig" sole, which would promote a fat shot.

About The Author

Kim Kleinle is a PGA/LPGA professional and a member of a select group certified in instruction by the Professional Golfers' Association. She began writing in 1980 after earning her degree. Her work has appeared online, in "Northeast Golfer" and in newspapers, including the "Scranton Times." Kleinle holds a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from Point Park University, Pittsburgh.


Joe L. joined GolfLink
Charles F. joined GolfLink
Jeffrey B. joined GolfLink
Gary R. joined GolfLink

Norm H.  Scored 98 at  Ravines Saugatuck, Michigan

View Activity Feed

Video of the Day
Lob Shots: Relaxed Arms and Hands Watch Video>>

Related Articles

Article Image Callaway Golf Ball Reviews

Since joining the golf ball category, Callaway Golf has establi...

Article Image How to Choose Golf Club Sets

There was a time in the recent past that most golfers would walk into...

Article Image TaylorMade Burner Plus Irons Review

Specs Designed with those having a mid-high handicap (at lea...

Article Image The History of Callaway Big Bertha Golf Clubs

Ely Callaway, founder of Calloway Golf, chose the name Big Bert...

Article Image Types of Golf Shaft Flexes

All golfers are different and all of them have different types ...

View All Related Articles