"Par" is the term that designates the number of strokes a golfer should need to play a particular hole. Par figures on a player requiring two putts once he is on the green. Holes are par 3, 4 or 5.
Other Scoring Terms
The terms "eagle," "birdie" and "bogey" describe a score of 2 under par, 1 under par and 1 over par, respectively.
Players calculate par for an entire round of golf by adding together the pars of all 18 holes on the course. Par falls within the range of 70 to 72 for the vast majority of 18-hole golf courses.
Par for a tournament is calculated by multiplying the par for the course by the number of rounds that make up the tournament, which characteristically is four for professionals. Therefore, on a par-72 golf course, par for a four-round tournament would be 288.
Under and Over
Under or over par depicts the efforts of a player during a round or tournament. For instance, someone who shoots a score of 67 on a par-72 course would have a score of 5 under par.