The longer a golfer plays the game, the more he or she learns that it takes a lot of versatility to gain some level of expertise in the game. The golfer must learn a lot of different shots to excel at the game. From the full swing of the drive to the delicate half-wedge, all the different shots have different swings. Some require strength, while others require a very light touch.
Driving - Tee the ball up high, take a wide stance and swing hard when driving on a long par 5 hole that has a wide fairway. Swinging hard usually gets you in trouble, but on an expansive long hole, you have a chance to "grip it and rip it" and learn what happens when you offer your beefiest swing.
Fairway - Take a firm swing when hitting the ball from the fairway. Use a 5-iron when 160 yards away from the green. Do not try to swing hard at the ball. A full backswing and follow-through without turning up the velocity will allow you to hit a good shot.
Shorter Shots - Use your pitching wedge when you are less than 90 yards from the hole. On a shot where you are 50 yards or less from the hole, bring the club back to knee height and then hit the ball and follow through to about mid-thigh level. This delicate shot will land on the green and safely roll toward the hole.
Dense Rough - Take a very hard swing when you are in high grass and you have to get the ball back to the fairway. You must swing hard so your club does not get held up. You are not swinging hard to hit the ball a long way. Bring the club back to about three-quarters level and come through the ball at about twice the normal speed. Keep your head down so you can make solid contact. Follow through to shoulder level.
Bump and Run - Use a punch shot with your 7-iron and you have a wide-open fairway to the green. Punch the ball by taking a half-swing and then stopping at about mid-thigh level. The ball will hit the fairway and then run the rest of the way to the hole. The punch technique produces a shot known as the bump and run.
Tips & Warnings
Use your imagination as you learn what you are capable of on the golf course. You can invent your own shots when you find yourself in difficulty.